Egypt Best places to visit on Holiday

Top 10 places to visit in Egypt

Egypt is one of the most fascinating countries in the world, with a rich history and culture that has attracted travellers for centuries.

So where should you go? We've got some ideas!

1. The Pyramids at Giza

The Pyramids of Giza are a group of three large pyramids built in the ancient city of Giza on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. These pyramids are one of the most iconic sights in Egypt and a must-see for anyone visiting Cairo. It's possible to climb up on them, but you'll have to pay extra for that privilege.

The pyramid complex was completed around 2560 BC (4th dynasty). It is considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The Great Pyramid is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids at Giza. At 146 meters (481 ft) in height, it is the tallest man-made structure in Egypt and is believed to have been built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu (also known as Cheops).

The Great Pyramid is one of seven world wonders - along with others such as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus. Today the Great Pyramid is visited by thousands of tourists every year who marvel at its size and beauty. One thing that makes this pyramid so special is that it's still standing—it has survived for thousands of years without falling down or being destroyed by an earthquake or other natural disaster. While there are many theories about how this happened, scientists haven't been able to figure out exactly why it hasn't fallen yet.

2. The Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Sphinx is one of the most famous monuments in Egypt—and it's easy to see why! It's located next to the Pyramids at Giza, so if you're looking for a place to stay within walking distance of these two major sites, this may be the place for you.

The Great Sphinx of Giza is a gigantic statue that sits on the west bank of the Nile River in Egypt. It's one of the most famous landmarks in the world, and it has been around for thousands of years. The Great Sphinx is believed to have been built during the reign of Pharaoh Khafre (Chefre) in 2600 BC.

 It was carved out of limestone, and its face was modelled after Khafre himself. The pharaoh had his face carved on both sides of the body so that when you look at it from one side, you see his profile, but when you look at it from another angle, you see his full face.

The Great Sphinx is famous for being such a huge statue—it's about 66 feet long and 20 feet high at its shoulders! But despite its size, no one knows why it was built or what purpose it served. Some historians believe that it was built to honour Khafre's father, who had died before him; others say that it may have been used as an altar where people would come to worship the sun god Ra; still, others think that it could have been used as a tomb for Khafre himself (or maybe even for someone else).

Whatever its origin, there is no denying that this statue is one of the most important landmarks in Egypt and has inspired awe in visitors for thousands of years.

3. The Valley of the Kings and Queens near Luxor

The Valley of the Kings and Queens near Luxor is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The valley contains the tombs of over seventy kings and queens, as well as mummies, shrines, and temples. It was built during the New Kingdom period (circa 1550-1069 BCE) when Egypt was under the rule of Pharaohs like Tutankhamen, Ramses II, and Nefertiti. This archaeological site has been around since 3000 B.C., making it one of Egypt's oldest known tombs! You'll find many different mummies buried here as well as some other artefacts from ancient times.

To visit this amazing site, you must obtain a permit from the Ministry of Antiquities (MOA). The cost is 100 Egyptian pounds per person and can be obtained online or at any authorised travel agency throughout Egypt.

The Valley of the Kings is famous for its numerous rock-cut tombs dug into the local limestone. The longer sides are bounded by steep cliffs, while the shorter side opens to Lake Qaroun in the east. The valley was originally named "Amduat", which meant "blocked in" or "enclosed" in Egyptian. After some time, it became known as Bakhet Hetepy, meaning "the Holy Place".

The Valley of the Kings and Queens is divided into two main areas: The West Bank and East Bank. The West Bank is where you'll find more than 90 per cent of Egypt's pharaonic tombs—the best-known ones are those belonging to King Tutankhamun (also known as King Tut). These tombs are on either side of King Tut's tomb, which is situated on a small hill overlooking all of them.

On the other side of the Nile River from this site is another area that has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site: The Temple of Hatshepsut. It was built during her reign (1479-1458 BC) and contained many beautiful wall paintings depicting religious ceremonies performed

4. Abu Simbel Temple

Abu Simbel Temple is one of the most famous temples in Egypt. It's located in southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. It was built by Ramses II, who ruled from 1279 to 1213 BCE and was dedicated to him and his wife, Nefertari.

Abu Simbel Temple is a complex of two large temples in southern Egypt, originally commissioned by Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II (reign 1279 BC–1213 BC). The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Nubian Monuments," which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae. The temple consists of two large rock-cut temples that were carved into a mountain range and faced south towards the River Nile. The larger temple on the right has five entrances, while the smaller one on the left has four entrances. You can see hieroglyphics on both sides of each entrance.

It's also known for its beautiful carvings, which show how people worshipped at the time.

5. Suez Canal

The Suez Canal is one of the most important trade routes in the world because it connects Asia with Europe by cutting through Africa via water instead of land (which used to be required). This makes it much faster than other methods of transportation!

The Suez Canal, which is also known as the "Sea of Reeds" or the "Island of Moses," is a canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. It cut through Egypt and was opened in 1869. The Suez Canal has been an important trade route since ancient times. In fact, it has been used since at least as far back as 2,500 B.C., when Pharaoh Senusret III ordered its construction to help build his empire's strength.

Thanks to its strategic location between Asia and Africa, the Suez Canal is one of the world's busiest waterways. Each year, over 13 million vessels travel through it—that's more than twice as many as pass through any other canal in the world!

The canal was closed during World War II because of wartime hostilities but reopened after a short period of time. It was closed again in 1967 when Egypt declared war on Israel during the Six-Day War. After that conflict ended, Egypt continued to close the canal until 1975, when it finally reopened for business.

The canal is currently owned by the Suez Canal Authority, which is controlled by Egypt's Ministry of Transportation and Communications. There are two sets of locks at either end of the canal: Port Said East Lock near Port Said on the Mediterranean Sea side; and Port Said West Lock near Port Fouad on the Red Sea side.

6. Alexandria Castle Fort (Qasr al-Nil)

The Alexandria Castle Fort (Qasr al-Nil) is a beautiful castle that stands at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea. The castle is a great place to visit if you're looking for something to do in Alexandria, Egypt.

The castle symbolised Egyptian independence and power after the French occupation ended. At that time, it was called "Fort Saint-Jean," but when it was transferred to Egyptian ownership in 1932, it changed its name to Qasr al-Nil (Castle of the Nile). The castle has been used as a museum since 1954 and has been open to visitors. Visitors can spend hours exploring this fascinating place and learning about its history and culture! It houses many relics from ancient Egypt and artwork from different eras throughout history.

Today, Alexandria Castle Fort is one of the most important historical sites in Egypt because it's considered one of the best examples of Mamluk architecture in Egypt.

7. Cairo Tower

Cairo Tower is a free-standing tower built in 1961 and one of the most iconic landmarks in Cairo.

It is located on Gezira Island, a man-made island on the Nile River, where many historical places and monuments can be found. The tower is built with concrete and steel and topped with a glass structure representing the sun's rays. It was built as a symbol of progress and development during Gamal Abdel Nasser's presidency, a time when Egypt was experiencing rapid economic growth due to increased foreign investment following World War II.

Cairo Tower has an observation deck at its top where tourists can enjoy views of Cairo's skyline, including other famous landmarks like the Citadel and Al-Azhar Mosque. There are elevators inside that take visitors up to the observation deck quickly without having to wait too long for their turn.

8. Egyptian Museum in Cairo

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo is one of the most famous museums in the world.

It was founded by the Egyptian government, aiming to conserve and display the many antiquities found in Egypt. The museum's collection includes more than 120,000 items, dating from prehistory to Achaemenid Egypt and beyond. Many of these are now considered priceless treasures.

The collection includes items like jewellery, mummies, sarcophagi, statues and other artworks from the ancient Egyptian civilisation (c. 3000 BC - 332 BC). The museum is spread over five floors, each level dedicated to a different period of Egyptian history.

The museum also has many special exhibits on display year-round and throughout the year. These exhibits include an exhibit on King Tut's tomb and an exhibit on how modern technology can help us understand ancient Egypt better than ever before.

Among its most famous exhibits are King Tutankhamen's mask, which was discovered when Howard Carter opened his tomb; a statue of Ramses II that stands nearly 13 feet tall; and a mummy known as "the golden child," which was found in an Egyptian pyramid in 1979.

The museum also holds many mummies, including those belonging to Rameses II  and Seti I. Mummies are believed to be preserved corpses whose wrappings have been used by embalmers to preserve them for thousands of years.

 9. Al-Azhar Mosque

The Al-Azhar Mosque is an important historical building in Egypt. The mosque is named after the Islamic university there.

The mosque is considered one of the most important Islamic holy sites and was built at a time when Cairo was still a small city compared to its current size. It has been added over time, including its minaret being rebuilt in 1773 after an earthquake destroyed it.

In addition to being an important place of worship, it has also served as a centre for learning and education since its founding. It has been used as a political symbol for Egyptian nationalism throughout history and has close ties with other countries worldwide that share their Muslim faith.

10. Karnak Temple Complex

Karnak Temple Complex is one of the most important historical places in Egypt. It is located on the east bank of the Nile River in Luxor, Egypt. This temple complex was built by Pharaoh Amenhotep III. The temple was added to by several later pharaohs, including Ramesses II and Ramses III. It is considered one of the largest religious complexes in the world.

Karnak Temple Complex contains a massive collection of monuments, including many chapels, sanctuaries and temples. These include the Great Hypostyle Hall, which is one of the largest halls in Egypt; the Sacred Lake; and several other smaller temples and shrines.

The main sanctuary at Karnak Temple Complex holds a huge collection of structures, including columns with papyrus capitals, statues; obelisks; and chapels dedicated to various gods, including Isis, Amun-Ra and Ptah-Sokar-Osiris. You can also find many smaller temples dedicated to different gods scattered throughout the complex, such as Hathor (goddess), Ptah (god), Mut (goddess) and others.

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